Child Sexual Abuse & Exploitation

Child Sexual Abuse (CSA)

 

The definition given in Working Together 2018 for child sexual abuse is:

‘Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for example, rape or oral sex) or non penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and touching outside of clothing. 

They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse Sexual abuse can take place online, and technology can be used to facilitate offline abuse. Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males. Women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.'

 

CSA can take many forms including:

  • Abuse by trusted adults (inter and extra familial)
  • Organised and complex abuse
  • Abuse within exploitative personal relationships
  • Abuse by another child or young person

 

Training

CYSCB provides online and face to face training for practitioners.

 

Useful documents and websites

     
CYSCB Guidance on Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Child Sexual Abuse & Exploitation Storyboard 
produced by YorOK, CYSCB and City of York Council. 
Read the CYSCB Organised Abuse Procedure
     
Report on the Impact on Children of online and offline
child sexual abuse written by NSPCC, CEOP, University of Bath and University of Birmingham
The Brook Traffic Light Tool supports professionals working
with children and young people by helping them to identify and respond appropriately to sexual behaviours.
The CSA Centre updated its guidance on
The Scale and Nature of Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation
     
CSA Key Messages in
Intra-Familial Child Sexual Abuse
 CSA Key Messags in Institutional Child Sexual Abuse  

 

  


Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)


The Department for Education defined CSE in 2017 as:

‘Child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse ... occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator. The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology’

Children and young people, who are being sexually exploited, or may be at risk of this, can come to the attention of any practitioner in any agency.

 

Training

CYSCB provides online and face to face training for practitioners.

 

Useful documents and websites

Click here for CYSCB Guidance on Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation

Read the CYSCB CSE screening tool for all practitioners to use (Word document)

Police Information Sharing Form - use if you have information which may assist the Police (Word document)

Read the CYSCB Organised Abuse Procedure

There is a Child Sexual Abuse & Exploitation Storyboard produced by YorOK, CYSCB and City of York Council.

Government guidance on children using the Internet

DfE Child Sexual Exploitation definition and guidance for practitioners 2017

The CSA Centre updated its guidance on The Scale and Nature of Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation

It's not Okay

The "It’s not okay" campaign was took place as a campaign during 20915/16 as a joint initiative between and the NSPCC to raise awareness of CSA and CSE across the city with public and professionals. The materials created during the campaign are still used in schools and the campaign was nationally acclaimed.  New online It's Not Okay digital resources will be launched in November 2018 and will be freely available for schools and other practitioners to use.