Child Development at 12 Months

Posture & Large Movements

  • Sits well and for indefinite time.
  • Can rise to sitting position from lying down.
  • Crawls rapidly, usually on all fours.
  • Pulls to standing and lets himself down again holding on to furniture.
  • Walks round furniture stepping sideways.
  • Walks with one or both hands held.
  • May stand alone for a few moments.
  • May walk alone.

Vision & Fine Movements

  • Picks up small objects, eg blocks, string, sweets and crumbs, with precise pincer grasp of thumb and index finger.
  • Throws toys deliberately and watches them fall to ground.
  • Looks in correct place for toys which roll out of sight.
  • Points with index finger at objects he wants to handle or which interest him.
  • Watches small toy pulled along floor across room 10 feet away.
  • Out of doors watches movements of people, animals, motor cars, etc., with prolonged intent regard.
  • Recognises familiars approaching from 20 feet or more away.
  • Uses both hands freely, but may show preference for one.
  • Clicks two bricks together in imitation.
  • Watches rolling balls 21/8 inches at 10 feet.

Hearing & Speech

  • Knows and immediately turns to own name.
  • Babbles loudly, tunefully and incessantly.
  • Shows by suitable movements and behaviour that he understands several words in usual context (e.g. own and family names, walk, dinner, pussy, cup, spoon, ball, car).
  • Comprehends simple commands associated with gesture (give it to daddy, come to mummy, say byebye, clap hands, etc.)
  • Imitates adult’s playful vocalisations with gleeful enthusiasm.
  • May hand examine common objects on request, eg. spoon, cup, ball, shoe.
  • Immediate response to baby tests at 3–41/2 feet but rapidly habituates.

Social Behaviour & Play

  • Drinks from cup with little assistance.
  • Chews.
  • Holds spoon but usually cannot use it alone.
  • Helps with dressing by holding out arm for sleeve and foot for shoe.
  • Takes objects to mouth less often.
  • Puts wooden cubes in and out of cup or box.
  • Rattles spoon in cup in imitation.
  • Seizes bell by handle and rings briskly in imitation, etc.
  • Listens with obvious pleasure to percussion sounds.
  • Repeats activities to reproduce effects.
  • Gives toys to adult on request and sometimes spontaneously.
  • Finds hidden toy quickly.
  • Likes to be constantly within sight and hearing of adult.
  • Demonstrates affection to familiars.
  • Waves ‘bye-bye’ and claps hands in imitation or spontaneously.
  • Child sits, or sometimes stands without support, while mother dresses.

Source: Reports on Public Health and Medical Subjects No 102. HMSO 1960, revised 1975.